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کلماتی که در بریتیش و امریکن معنای متفاوتی دارند

کلماتی که در بریتیش و امریکن معنای متفاوتی دارند

1/09/12 13 دقیقه برای مطالعه 195

در زبان انگلیسی و میان لهجه بریتیش امریکن تفاوت‌هایی در تلفظ، املای لغات و گرامر وجود دارد  ولی هیچ یک از آنها به اندازه تفاوت معانی لغات حائز اهمیت نیستند.  شاید شما لغت purse را چندین بار شنیده باشید ولی آیا میدانید کاربرد آن در لهجه بریتیش و امریکن با هم متفاوت است؟ در این بخش قصد داریم همراه با یکدیگر  تفاوت معنایی لغات بریتیش و امریکن را با هم بررسی کرده و از نقطه نظرات متفاوت آنها را مورد ارزیابی قرار دهیم. 

 

کلماتی که در بریتیش و امریکن معنای متفاوتی دارند در جدول

 

واژگان بریتیش و امریکن و انتخاب واژه

بسیاری از زبان آموزان در مورد تفاوت معنایی کلمات بین انگلیسی بریتیش و امریکن سردرگم هستند. به طور کلی، این درست است که اکثر آمریکایی ها با وجود تفاوت های زیاد بریتیش را درک می کنند ولی این بدان معنا نیست که تمامی افرادی که به زبان انگلیسی مسلط هستند می توانند تفاوت معنایی بین لغات این دو لهجه را درک کنند. در طی سال ها تحول زبان انگلیسی تفاوت های بسیاری میان لهجه بریتیش و امریکن وجود دارد و افراد نمی توانند تمامی این تفاوت ها را یاد گرفته و در شرایط مختلف از آن ها بهره بگیرند. در این بخش ما قصد داریم همراه با شما نگاهی به تفاوت های لغوی میاد این دو لهجه بیاندازیم. فهرست روبرو برای شما تمامی لغات متفاوت را نشان می دهد. 

 

معنی فارسی

مثال

لغت آمریکن

مثال

لغت بریتیش

آنتن

Owners are responsible for the siting of television aerials and satellite dishes on their property

aerial

The results show that antennae are necessary for wing induction in the presence of natural enemies

antenna

دیوانه

They were angry because their plans had been discovered

angry

I was just mad at you

mad

هر جا

We won't go anywhere near the crime scene; ever

anywhere

Just because I haven't been anyplace else, doesn't mean that there is any place better

anyplace

پاییز

It was a clear bright autumn day, a Sunday

autumn

It was a warm, dark, fall night

fall

پول نقد

The bank-note circulation rose in proportion

bank note

He called for his bill and paid it

bill

وکیل

His work as a barrister was chiefly concerned with pedigree cases before the House of Lords

barrister, solicitor

Unfortunately, my attorney thinks they have a pretty good case

attorney

کوکی- بیسکوییت

Singapore has also establishments for tinning pineapples, and a large biscuit factory

biscuit

She folded the form and stuck it under the cookie jar

cookie

کلاه 

Close cousin to the scotch bonnet, they come in all colors.

bonnet

She yanked his hood off.

hood

صندوق عقب

We piled it in the boot and backseat.

boot

The black car sat outside the building with its trunk open

trunk

ساسپندر (در لباس)

Rostov turned and was about to go, but the man in the braces stopped him

braces

The old man picked at his red suspenders

suspenders

سرایدار

It only strengthened the idea that he was the caretaker, not the owner

caretaker

This 1997 drama is about a janitor who is actually a genius

janitor

سیب زمینی سرخ کرده

The chips that they're running on are getting faster and now dual-core

chips

I’d like a hamburger and French fries

french fries

سینما

Can you remember the first time you ever went to the cinema?

the cinema

We won't be going to the movies tonight, but will stay in

the movies

کاندوم

Naturally occurring holes in the wall of a latex condom have a diameter of 1.0 microns

condom

Select a topic I have a smelly green discharge I have small spots on my penis Was the rubber safe enough?

rubber

گشت بان

Its officers included a constable and a chaplain

constable

Mr Gardiner joined the University on 9 October 1978 as a security patrolman

patrolman

اجاق گاز

Did you get the cooker burning?

cooker

He opened the door of the stove to peek

stove

گهواره

A burning wooden cot is then applied to it.

cot

No. I saw crib but I assumed...

crib

نخ

She looked down and plucked at a loose thread on her dress

cotton

She looked down and plucked at a loose thread on her dress.

thread

تصادف

A crash came from the hallway

crash

Just as I ran up to the wreck, it blew

wreck

تقاطع

I believe we are at a very dangerous crossroads

crossroads

Surmounting all, at the intersection of the arches is a cross

intersection

پرده ها

Curtains shut out the light

curtains

As he was closing the drapes, he glanced outside

drapes

بازی چکرز

draughts requires 2 players and an 8 x 8 open space on the ground to use as the game board

draughts

The black checkers are flat and the white ones curved on top

checkers

پونس

She used drawing pin to pin the poster to the door

drawing pin

Surprisingly, I wasn't overpushing either thumbstick to get Mr. Metal to do what I want

thumbtack

بزرگراه تقسیم شده

It is a dual carriageway road for its entire length

dual carriageway

The highway was relocated at its northern end and expanded to a divided highway over most of its length in the late 1960s

divided highway

پستونک

It always begins with the time when we used a pacifier or tranquilizer to relieve our discomfort

dummy

The mothers stoppered their babies 'mouths with pacifiers

pacifier

سطل زباله

Rubbish they can always find in a used dustbin

dustbin, rubbish-bin

Mr. O'Hara stooped and removed the brass ashtray from the trashcan

trashcan

پاکبان

Mum was a char, dad a dustman

dustman

Garbage collector scans the long weak reference table

garbage collector

ژنراتور

He invented a steam turbine engine to drive a dynamo to generate electricity

dynamo

After building several models he built a large generator for the Coalbrookdale Iron Works

generator

موتور

The car has a four-cylinder engine

engine

The tape was driven by a clockwork motor.

motor

لوکوموتیو ران

He worked as an engine driver for a period, during which time he lost an eye in an accident

engine driver

He works as an electrical engineer

engineer

فیلم سینما

The formation of a film is noted

film

Deidre watched the movie in both fascination and fear

movie

اپارتمان

He had just fixed a flat on his bike

flat

Of course, living in an apartment with three girls couldn't be easy

apartment

روگذر

You will see the flyover in front of you

flyover

Do not seek shelter under a bridge or an overpass

overpass

حیاط

Today, I have a vegetable garden in my backyard

garden

Len pulled the truck into the yard and stopped

yard

دنده اتومبیل

The gears were changed by means of a gear lever on the steering column

gear-lever

You need to shift gears or we'll never make it through the agenda

gear-shift

فارغ التحصیل

Daniel Webster is just one famous graduate

graduate

Her parents are alumni of the state university

alumnus

دیگ بخار

Alex and Jonathan planned to grill steaks for lunch

grill

A boiler with horizontal sections is shown in fig

boiler

طبقه اول

They hurried to the ground floor

ground floor

His room was on the first floor

first floor

چکمه پلاستیکی

Gunshots streaked around the entrance

gumshoes, wellington boots

The silence is broken by what sounds like several rubbers

rubbers

کفش ورزشی

Tugging on her socks and gym shoes, she made the bed and left the room

gym shoes, tennis-shoes

Throw it on with jeans or shorts and sneakers

sneakers

کیف پول

A very cool cream faux leather clutch handbag dating to circa 1984

handbag

Tears flooded her eyes and she dug in her purse for a tissue

purse

تابلو تبلیغاتی

Treatment for hoarding is a lengthy process

hoarding

I saw a billboard by the side of the road

billboard

تعطیلات

Maybe this vacation would give them some much needed time together

holiday

This was a vacation, not an isolation camp

vacation

جارو برقی

Clean up using wet methods or an industrial hoover

hoover

Miele vacuum cleaner bags and belts available to fit all types of vacuum cleaners, including upright vacuums and canister

vacuum cleaner

بیمار

She felt ill after all Jule told her

ill

My people never fall sick, and those who are injured, heal

sick

وقفه

An interval of three years without rain has been known

interval

During this period rain falls almost without intermission

intermission

ژاکت

She wore a jumper that reeked of her own body odor

jersey, jumper, pullover, sweater

I just came over to pick up a sweater for her

sweater

پارچ

That jug is grade double A light

jug

A pitcher of lemonade was on the table

pitcher

آسانسور

I've seen you in the lift a few times

lift

Deidre left the elevator and went to her apartment

elevator

کامیون

The lorry was caught by a gust of wind and blown through a barrier at the side of the bridge

lorry

On Thursday morning, as I was going to work, the bin truck was at the top of our drive

truck

بار سفر

Alex collected their luggage and had it loaded in the car

luggage

You are in a position to seize its baggage and artillery

baggage

لباس بارانی

A mackintosh or other raingear, including an umbrella

mackintosh, raincoat

A raincoat or other raingear, including an umbrella

raincoat

دیوانه

Fitzgerald looked mad enough to take a swing

mad

He's crazy... he did not want to listen

crazy

بزرگراه

The main road runs parallel with the railway

main road

The car skidded as she turned onto the highway

highway

ذرت

The villagers cultivate mostly maize and beans

maize

The field has been seeded with corn

corn

ریاضی

I had to have extra tuition in maths

maths

The math works the same over time.

 

math

خسیس

The landlords are so mean - they refused to pay for new carpets

mean

He's really stingy and never buys anyone a drink when we go out

stingy

آزادراه

A car and a van collided on the motorway

motorway

Our car had a breakdown on the freeway

freeway

پوشک

Excuse me while I change the baby's nappy

nappy

Most babies get diaper rash at some stage

diaper

شرور، بدجنس

He told nasty words to his mother

nasty

He was a cruel and vicious man

vicious, mean

نا کجا

There was nowhere to hide and nowhere to run

nowhere

She believed that religious teaching had no place in the school curriculum

noplace

بیمارستان خصوصی

He died in a nursing home at the age of 87

nursing home

Her family put her into a private hospital

private hospital

اپتومتریست

His reputation grew rapidly, and in 1761 he was appointed optician to the king

optician

Always wear your lenses as prescribed by your optometrist

optometrist

مغازه مشروب فروشی

Youngsters congregate outside the off-licence in the car park, and there is evidence of drinking all around

off-license

Scenes include the celebrities on top of a liquor store

liquor store

پارافین

The fire blazed up when I added paraffin

paraffin

My prison had only a kerosene lamp for light

kerosene

پیاده رو

He stopped the car just off the pavement

pavement

She walked out onto the sidewalk, shivering in the cold

sidewalk

گازوئیل

The price of the petrol was significantly higher this summer because everyone was driving long distances and the stations wanted to make more money

petrol

I've got some gasoline I use in the lawn mower

gasoline

صندوق پستی

He stood by the postbox

postbox

On the way to work, I dropped my letters in the corner mailbox

mailbox

چیپس سیب زمینی

These potato crisps are soft

potato crisps

Potato chips are served for the children

potato chips

کالسکه کودک

They brought along Laura Jane in a pram

pram

I was dialing my wife to tell her when Martha and Quinn came in the office, pushing a baby carriage with Claire smiling beneath her blankets

baby carriage

بار

He was in the pub until closing time

pub

The hotel has a licensed bar

bar

دستشویی

You now have to pay to use the public toilets at the station

public toilet

It took place in a restroom

restroom

کالسکه

The baby was snoozing peacefully in her push-chair, so we stopped to have a drink

push-chair

Do you need some help with the stroller?

stroller

خط

We were forced to stand in a queue

queue

The list was a scrolling line of names

line

راه آهن

The city has a station on the North Western railway 32 m

railway

Kyaukse town is situated on the Zawgyi River and on the Rangoon-Mandalay railroad 

railroad

قرقره نخ

When we put the cotton reel down the elastic band untwists

reel of cotton

Using his spool of thread he printed some circles on his paper

spool of thread

بالا بردن

Smoke was rising into the air

rise (in salary)

We raise chickens on our farm

raise

پیاده رو

She kept on going, but the road surface grew worse and worse and in the end she had to stop

road surface

He stopped the car just off the pavement

pavement

فلکه

He took a roundabout route to town

roundabout

The city center is a large traffic circle punctuated by traffic lights

traffic circle

زباله

I think what he says is absolute rubbish

rubbish

The park was littered with garbage

garbage, trash

سدان

A saloon model with improved aerodynamics was also added to the Volvo 300 Series

saloon (car)

The chauffeur turned the sedan about

sedan

نوار چسب

I stuck the note to the door with Sellotape

sellotape

A slip of paper was attached with Scotch tape

Scotch tape

فروشگاه

They have a flower shop in town

shop

She caught sight of herself in a store window

store

صدا خفه کن

A silencer quietens the noise of the engine

silencer

Kelly screwed the muffler onto the pistol

muffler

آچار

He took a spanner from his tool box and tightened up the bolts on the gate

spanner

They threatened him with a wrench and screwdriver, then forced him into the back of his Sierra

wrench

دانشکده

The entire staff has done a great job this year

staff (of a university)

She's a member of the Harvard faculty

faculty

تابه روغن

In some small houses, even a large sump has proved inadequate

sump

The oil pan is usually formed of pressed steel

oil pan

دسر

She likes her coffee sweet

sweet

She doesn't care for rich desserts

dessert

آب نبات

Sweets usually made her thirstier - but it was wet

sweets

His pockets bulged with apples and candy

candy

شير آب

She turned on the tap and let it run until it was hot enough then filled the bowl

tap

She turned on the faucet, plunging her hands under the icy stream of water and gasped

faucet

میخ

Hook the hose up to the tap behind the house

tap (outdoors)

the spigot on a beer keg 

spigot

تاکسی

We went to the restaurant by taxi

taxi

The cab pulled up and the driver jumped out

cab

حوله ظرفشویی

She was drying a plate on a tea towel

tea-towel

He flung the damp tea towel on to the table

dish-towel

نیمسال

The governor will run for a second term

term

He'll go back to school in September, but miss the spring semester, and not graduate

semester

برنامه

Look up the trains to Beijing in the timetable

timetable

Sorting the mail is part of her daily schedule

schedule

قوطی فلزی

Milk bottle tops are made of tin foil

tin

Store the cookies in an airtight can

can

چراغ قوه

He ripped open the door, blinded by the torch light in the halls

torch

She found her flashlight and ran to the front door

flashlight

دوره گرد

The tramp was arraigned on a charge of stealing

tramp

The hobo begged for food downtown during the day and slept under the bridge at night

hobo

شلوار

He jammed his hands into his trousers pockets

trousers

Then I slipped trying to rub mud on my pants to cover it up.

pants

سرآستین

This job turned up just when I needed it

turn-ups

The clerk, with cuffs turned up, was hastily writing at a tub turned bottom upwards

cuffs

مترو

You're forgetting the underground railroad

underground railway

I took the subway to midtown

subway

 

 

 

بیشتر بخوانید:

تفاوت لهجه بریتیش و امریکن

تقویت لهجه امریکن با دانلود کتاب Mastering the American Accent

 


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