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افعال حرکتی (Action Verbs) در زبان انگلیسی، آموزش کامل با مثال

افعال حرکتی (Action Verbs) در زبان انگلیسی، آموزش کامل با مثال

02/09/10 13 دقیقه برای مطالعه 492

افعال حرکتی (Action Verbs) در زبان انگلیسی، آموزش کامل با مثال

سالها پیش که زبان انگلیسی را به صورت حضوری  تدریس می کردم، متوجه شدم که یکی از اصلی ترین مشکلات زبان آموزان، افعال حرکتی بود. افعال حرکتی که در زبان انگلیسی به آن Active verb گفته می شود، افعالی هستند که برای بیان عمل، فرایند یا احساس استفاده شده و هیچ وقت حالت یک فاعل را نشان نمی دهند. در زبان انگلیسی گاهی اوقات افعال حرکتی را با اسامی dynamic verb, action verb, activity verb,  یا  event verb نیز می شناسیم. امروز در کلینیک تخصصی رفیعی قصد داریم همراه با شما نگاهی به اصلی ترین افعال حرکتی بیاندازیم.

 

افعال حرکتی (افعال کنشی) به چه معنی هستند؟

افعال حرکتی به مجموعه افعالی گفته می شود که در آن فاعل جمله در حال انجام یک کار فیزیکی یا ذهنی است. این مجموعه افعال، تاثیر مستقیم فاعل را نشان می دهند و اطلاعات صریح و شفافی را نیز ارائه می دهد. این دسته از افعال به خواننده کمک می کنند تا موضوعی را که درگیر فعالیت است به شیوه ای واضح و دقیق تصویر پردازی کنند.

 

 

 

 

 

 

She loves to ride her bicycle in the park every evening.

سوار شدن

Ride

 

Please sit down and make yourself comfortable.

نشستن

Sit down

 

When the national anthem played, everyone stood up.

ایستادن

Stand up

 

The two boxers will fight for the championship title tomorrow.

جنگیدن

Fight

 

Their jokes were so funny that we couldn't help but laugh.

خندیدن

Laugh

 

I like to read novels before going to bed.

خواندن

Read

 

The children went outside to play in the sunshine.

بازی کردن

Play

 

I love to listen to classical music on a lazy Sunday afternoon.

گوش دادن

Listen

 

She couldn't help but cry when she heard the sad news.

گریستن

Cry

 

He needed some time alone to think about his future.

فکر کردن

Think

 

She has a beautiful voice and loves to sing in the choir.

آواز خواندن

Sing

 

Let's watch TV together tonight and relax.

تماشای تلویزیون

Watch TV

 

They danced the night away at the wedding reception.

رقصیدن

Dance

 

Can you please turn on the lights in the living room?

روشن کردن

Turn on

 

Don't forget to turn off the oven when you're done cooking.

خاموش کردن

Turn off

 

The team worked hard and managed to win the championship.

برنده شدن

Win

 

Birds can fly high in the sky with ease.

پرواز کردن

Fly

 

Be careful when you cut the vegetables for the salad.

بریدن

Cut

 

It's time to throw away those old magazines.

دور انداختن

Throw away

 

After a long day, I can't wait to sleep tonight.

خوابیدن

Sleep

 

Could you please close the door behind you?

بستن

Close

 

Let's open the window to get some fresh air in.

بازکردن

Open

 

He likes to write poetry in his spare time.

نوشتن

Write

 

She decided to give her old toys to charity.

دادن

Give

 

The athlete had to jump over the hurdle in the race.

پریدن

Jump

 

I'm starving; let's eat dinner right away.

خوردن

Eat

 

It's important to drink plenty of water throughout the day.

نوشیدن

Drink

 

She can cook delicious Italian dishes.

آشپزی کردن

Cook

 

Don't forget to wash your hands before dinner.

شستن

Wash

 

I'll wait for you at the coffee shop until you arrive.

صبر کردن

Wait

 

They plan to climb the mountain this weekend.

بالا رفتن

Climb

 

They like to talk for hours about various topics.

صحبت کردن

Talk

 

Babies often learn to crawl before they can walk.

خزیدن

Crawl

 

Hope is but the dream of those that wake.

 

رویا دیدن

Dream

 

We need to dig a hole to plant this tree.

حفر کردن

Dig

 

“When I clap my hands, you must stand still, ” said the teacher.

دست زدن

Clap

 

She learned to knit and made a cozy scarf.

بافتن

Knit

 

She can sew beautiful dresses with intricate designs.

دوختن

Sew

 

I can smell the delicious aroma of freshly baked bread.

بوییدن

Smell

 

Love starts with a smile, develops with a kiss and ends with a tear.

بوسیدن

Kiss

 

He gave his friend a warm hug to show his appreciation.

در آغوش گرفتن

Hug

 

I could hear my roommate snore loudly during the night.

خروپف کردن

Snore

 

After a long hike, he wanted to bathe in a cool stream.

حمام کردن

Bathe

 

The performer took a bow after a stunning dance routine.

تعظیم کردن

Bow

 

She used vibrant colors to paint a beautiful landscape.

رنگ زدن

Paint

 

The diver prepared to dive into the deep blue ocean.

شیرجه زدن

Dive

 

They love to ski down the snowy slopes in winter.

اسکی کردن

Ski

 

He had to carefully stack the books on the shelf.

روی هم چیدن

Stack

 

I need to buy some groceries on my way home.

خریدن

Buy

 

Please shake the salad dressing before using it.

تکان دادن

Shake

 

افعال حرکتی مرتبط با کار فیزیکی

همانطور که پیش از این گفته شد، افعال حرکتی به صورت کلی به دو دسته تقسیم می شوند. افعالی که به کار فیزیکی اشاره دارند و افعالی که به فعالیت های ذهنی مربوط هستند. در این بخش فهرستی از کارهای فیزیکی را دسته بندی کرده ایم.

 

 

 

The athlete had to jump over the high bar in the pole vault event.

پریدن

Jump

She likes to run five miles every morning as part of her fitness routine.

برای اجرا

Run

We decided to walk through the scenic forest trail to enjoy nature.

راه رفتن

Walk

He attempted to climb the steep mountain for the first time.

بالا رفتن

Climb

Babies often learn to crawl before they start walking.

به خزیدن

Crawl

During the race, the sprinters gave their all to reach the finish line first.

به اسپرینت

Sprint

Children love to skip stones across the calm surface of the lake.

رد شدن

Skip

The rabbit would hop around the garden, munching on vegetables.

به هاپ

Hop

They danced the night away at the lively party.

رقصیدن

Dance

In the park, kids would skip rope and have fun together.

رد شدن

Skip

Every morning, he likes to jog around the neighborhood to stay healthy.

به دویدن

Jog

They took a leisurely stroll in the park, enjoying the serene atmosphere.

به قدم زدن

Stroll

She had to shuffle the deck of cards before dealing them in the game.

به مخلوط کردن

Shuffle

The horse began to gallop across the open field, its mane flowing in the wind.

به گالوپ

Gallop

The elegant horse would prance gracefully during the equestrian show.

به پرنس

Prance

The soldiers would march in perfect formation during the parade.

تا ماه مارس

March

Children often skip down the sidewalk on their way to school.

رد شدن

Skip

In the winter, kids love to skate on the frozen pond in the park.

به اسکیت

Skate

The playground had a tall slide that kids enjoyed sliding down.

لیز خوردن

Slide

The figure skater seemed to glide effortlessly across the ice during her performance.

به سر خوردن

Glide

Birds can fly through the sky with incredible grace and speed.

برای پرواز

Fly

The professional diver executed a perfect dive from the high platform.

به شیرجه رفتن

Dive

In the hot summer weather, people often go to the beach to swim in the ocean.

به شنا کردن

Swim

The colorful balloons would float gently in the sky during the parade.

غوطه ور شدن

Float

They decided to row a small boat across the calm lake at sunset.

به ردیف

Row

Canoeists use paddles to navigate through the winding river.

به دست و پا زدن

Paddle

He loved to pedal his bicycle through the scenic countryside.

به پدال

Pedal

Children giggled with excitement as they rode the carousel at the fair.

سوار شدن

Ride

She learned to drive a car when she turned eighteen.

به درایو

Drive

Sailors set their sails and embarked on a journey across the open sea.

به بادبان

Sail

The figure skater would spin gracefully on the ice, dazzling the audience.

به چرخش

Spin

She would twirl around in her new dress, feeling like a princess.

به چرخش

Twirl

It's important to rotate your tires regularly to ensure even wear.

برای چرخش

Rotate

He had to turn the key to start the car's engine.

به نوبه خود

Turn

The basketball player would pivot on one foot before making a pass.

به Pivot

Pivot

She had to twist the lid off the stubborn jar to get it open.

به پیچ و تاب

Twist

After a workout, it's essential to stretch your muscles to prevent stiffness.

به کشش

Stretch

He had to bend down to pick up the fallen book from the floor.

خم شدن

Bend

Bodybuilders often flex their muscles to show their strength.

به فلکس

Flex

He had to extend his arm to reach the top shelf.

برای گسترش

Extend

She had to reach high to grab the ripe apple from the tree.

برای رسیدن به

Reach

He would quickly grab his coat as he rushed out the door.

برای گرفتن

Grab

She would clasp her hands together in prayer.

به گیره

Clasp

They would hug tightly when they reunited after a long time apart.

در آغوش گرفتن

Hug

They shared a tender kiss under the starry night sky.

برای بوسیدن

Kiss

 He threw a powerful punch during the boxing match.

به پانچ

Punch

The blacksmith would strike the hot metal with a hammer to shape it.

به اعتصاب

Strike

She could kick a soccer ball with incredible force.

به پا زدن

Kick

The football player executed a perfect tackle to bring down the opponent.

برای مقابله با

Tackle

She would throw the frisbee to her dog at the park.

به پرتاب کردن

Throw

He managed to catch the baseball just before it hit the ground.

گرفتن

Catch

The pitcher would wind up and pitch the baseball with precision.

به زمین

Pitch

She would hit the tennis ball with great accuracy.

ضربه زدن

Hit

Children love to swing on the playground swings.

به سویینگ

Swing

They had to lift the heavy furniture to move it to another room.

برای بلند کردن

Lift

She would carry her backpack with all her school books.

برای حمل

Carry

He would hold the door open for people entering the building.

نگه داشتن

Hold

They had to push the car to jump-start it.

فشار دادن

Push

He would pull the rope to ring the church bell.

برای کشیدن

Pull

They had to drag the fallen tree branches to the bonfire.

به کشیدن

Drag

The truck was used to haul the construction materials to the site.

به حمل و نقل

Haul

It was time to move the furniture around to redecorate the room.

برای حرکت

Move

They would shift the boxes to create more space in the storage room.

برای تغییر

Shift

He would shuffle the deck of cards before dealing them.

به مخلوط کردن

Shuffle

She used a spoon to scoop ice cream into a bowl.

به اسکوپ

Scoop

He would carefully pour the hot tea into the cups.

ریختن

Pour

She would stir the soup to make sure it was evenly heated.

به هم زدن

Stir

They would mix the ingredients to create a delicious cake batter.

درآمیختن

Mix

He would chop the vegetables finely for the salad.

به خرد کردن

Chop

She would slice the bread into thin, even pieces.

بریدن

Slice

The chef would dice the onions for the stir-fry.

به تاس

Dice

: He would carve intricate designs into the wooden sculptures.

کنده کاری کردن

Carve

The sculptor used his tools to shape the block of marble into a beautiful statue.

شکل دادن

Shape

She carefully molded the clay into a perfect vase.

به قالب

Mold

He had to grind the coffee beans to make a fresh cup of coffee.

به آسیاب کردن

Grind

Pound: She used a mortar and pestle to pound the spices into a fine powder.

به پوند

Pound

He would crush the ice cubes to make a refreshing cold drink.

به خرد کردن

Crush

She gave the dough a good smack to remove air bubbles.

به اسمک

Smack

He would rub his hands together to warm them on a cold winter day.

سابیدن

Rub

She had to scrub the dishes clean after the big dinner party.

به اسکراب

Scrub

He would wipe the table with a cloth after each meal.

برای پاک کردن

Wipe

She would dust the bookshelves to keep them clean.

گردگیری

Dust

They used a special polish to make their shoes shine.

لهستانی کردن

Polish

He would clean his car every Sunday to keep it looking new.

تمیزکردن

Clean

She would brush her hair to remove tangles and knots.

برس زدن

Brush

He combed his hair neatly before the job interview.

به شانه

Comb

She decided to trim the overgrown bushes in the garden.

به اصلاح

Trim

He had to cut the paper into smaller pieces for the craft project.

بریدن

Cut

He would shave his beard every morning for a clean look.

تراشیدن

Shave

She used a curling iron to style her hair for the party.

به سبک

Style

He would tie his shoelaces in a double knot to prevent them from coming undone.

بستن

Tie

She had to untie the knot in the rope to release it.

برای باز کردن

Untie

He buttoned up his coat to stay warm in the cold weather.

به دکمه

Button

She zipped up her jacket as the temperature dropped.

تبدیل به فایل فشرده

Zip

He had to unzip the bag to access his belongings.

را از حالت فشرده خارج کنید

Unzip

The backpack had a snap closure for easy access.

ضربه زدن

Snap

She would clasp the necklace around her neck.

به گیره

Clasp

He would buckle his seatbelt before driving the car.

به دست و پنجه نرم کردن

Buckle

 

افعال حرکتی مرتبط با کار ذهنی

در این بخش قصد داریم برای شما چند فعل حرکتی معرفی کنیم که مربوط به فعالیت های ذهنی هستند و نشان می دهند کارهایی ذهنی که ما انجام می دهیم نیز بخشی از افعال حرکتی می باشند.

 

 

 

She likes to think deeply about complex philosophical questions.

فکر کردن

Think

Close your eyes and imagine a world filled with endless possibilities.

تصور کردن

Imagine

He could vividly remember the day he graduated from college.

یاد آوردن

Remember

She tried to recollect all the details of the important meeting.

به خاطر آوردن

Recollect

He would often sit in silence and contemplate the meaning of life.

اندیشیدن

Contemplate

Before making a decision, it's important to consider all the options.

در نظر گرفتن

Consider

She would ponder over her choices before making a final decision.

تامل کردن

Ponder

At the end of the day, he liked to reflect on his accomplishments.

منعکس کردن

Reflect

To clear his mind, he would meditate for twenty minutes each morning.

تفکر کردن

Meditate

Close your eyes and visualize your goals to manifest them.

تجسم کردن

Visualize

He could envision a future where technology transformed society.

تجسم کردن

Envision

Every night, she would dream of faraway places and adventures.

رویا پردازی کردن

Dream

He would often fantasize about becoming a famous musician.

خیال پردازی کنید

Fantasize

It's crucial to plan your actions to achieve your long-term goals.

طراحی کردن

Plan

They needed to strategize their marketing campaign for success.

استراتژی کردن

Strategize

The team would analyze data to make informed business decisions.

تجزیه و تحلیل کردن

Analyze

She would evaluate the pros and cons before buying a new car.

ارزیابی کردن

Evaluate

He needed to assess the situation before taking action.

ارزیابی کردن

Assess

It's not fair to judge someone without knowing their full story.

قضاوت کردن

Judge

After much deliberation, they had to decide on a vacation destination.

تصميم گرفتن

Decide

She had to choose between two job offers with different perks.

انتخاب کردن

Choose

He decided to opt for the healthier salad instead of fries.

انتخاب کردن

Opt

Dogs have an incredible ability to perceive their owner's emotions.

درک کردن

Perceive

She could sense the tension in the room as the argument escalated.

احساس کردن

Sense

He would feel a sense of accomplishment after completing a project.

احساس کردن

Feel

Actors have the skill to emote a wide range of emotions on stage.

احساس کردن

Emote

Artists use various mediums to express their creativity.

بیان کردن

Express

Effective leaders know how to communicate their vision.

ارتباط برقرار کردن

Communicate

She could interpret the meaning behind the cryptic message.

تفسیر کردن

Interpret

It's essential to try and understand different perspectives in a conversation.

فهمیدن

Understand

 

 

حتما بخوانید:

افعال بی قاعده زبان انگلیسی (Irregular Verb )

افعال ربطی در زبان انگلیسی


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